4. From Cagliari: Full-Day Tour of Prehistoric Sardinian
On this full-day tour, you will go through the wonderful panoramic road from Chia to Teulada (departing from Chia), traveled by the ancient Romans and Carthaginian population, passing through little towns like Teulada and Santadi e Villaperuccio. The transfer to the archaeological site will take around 80 minutes. There, you will visit a prehistoric ancient necropolis of about 2 kilometers in area. The site is made up of two areas: the first one includes the ancient graves called the Domus de Janas (House of the Fairies), while the second one is called Su Congianu.
There are more than 40 tombs of various shapes and sizes. Two of the domus are especially important as they contain Neolithic religious symbols. One has a bull symbol sculpted on the entrance wall, as well as other symbols including the eyes and breasts of the goddess mother and a false door representing the passage to the other world. The other tomb has horns of various shapes, referring to the cult of the bull-god, sculpted into the ceiling and on the steps leading to the entrance of the domus. The pottery found during excavations bear witness to the long use of the necropolis, in the final Neolithic and the recent Aeneolithic up to the Early Bronze Age.
Afterwards, discover the amazing Giant Tomb. This name was given by the locals and archaeologists to a type of Sardinian megalithic gallery grave built during the Bronze Age by the Nuragic civilization. They were collective tombs and can be found throughout Sardinia, with 800 being discovered there. Before driving to the nuraghe, have a break to taste some of the best Sardinian food. You will try a typical Sardinian meal (optional). The nuraghe is the main type of ancient megalithic edifice found in Sardinia, developed during the Nuragic Age between 1900 and 730 B.C. Today, it has come to be the symbol of Sardinia and its distinctive culture, the Nuragic civilization. More than 7000 nuraghes have been found, though archeologists believe that originally there were more than 10,000.