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Cairo Culture & history

Our most recommended Cairo Culture & history

From Cairo: Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, Saqqara & Memphis Tour

1. From Cairo: Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, Saqqara & Memphis Tour

Embark on a tour of Giza from Cairo or Giza in an air-conditioned vehicle. Enjoy commentary from your guide as you visit ancient wonders, including the Great Sphinx, the Giza Pyramids, and Valley Temple followed by lunch and some shopping. Be picked up from your hotel in Cairo or Giza. Visit the Step Pyramid of Zoser, Egypt's oldest existing colossal stone building (2630 BC) built for King Djoser. Next visit Memphis, the first capital after Upper and Lower Egypt's unification in 3100 BC, and witness the Colossal Statue of Ramesses II. Enjoy lunch at a local restaurant and visit the pyramids of Cheops, Chefren, and Mykerinus. Next, see the Great Sphinx, a limestone statue of the mythical creature with a Pharoah's head and lion's body. Explore the Valley Temple, a funerary complex with a mortuary temple and the Pyramids of Chefren.  There will be free shopping time to enjoy the experience on your own, discussing the price directly with the vendors. After, return to your accommodation in Cairo or Giza.

From Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo & Giza with BBQ Lunch

2. From Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo & Giza with BBQ Lunch

Discover the “City of a Thousand Minarets” on a full-day tour of Cairo, with round-trip transfers by bus from Hurghada. Relax in air-conditioned comfort on the long journey from Hurghada, admiring views of the Gulf of Suez. You will be accompanied by a transfer guide who will accompany you on the journey until you meet your Egyptologist guide. Upon arrival, your private Egyptologist guide will meet you and take you to Giza Plateau to see the oldest of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. Get breathtaking views of the Pyramids of Giza as you explore the mortuary temples of Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinus. Learn the story of how the temples were constructed and hear the stories behind their legends. Continue to the Great Sphinx, the giant statue of a reclining mythical beast with a lion’s body and the face of the Pharaoh Khafre. Go to the Valley Temple opposite, attributed to the Pharaoh Khafre, and marvel at the feat of ancient engineering. Next, take a 30-minute break for lunch at a local restaurant. Then, drive into central Cairo to discover the artifacts at the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square with fast-track entry. You can also choose to add a Nile River cruise and a camel ride to your tour when booking. Designed by French architect Marcel Dourgnon, the museum’s collections exceed 120,000 masterpieces from the pre-dynastic to the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods. Learn about the mummification art of Ancient Egypt before your return transfer to Hurghada. After visiting all the attractions, enjoy a shopping stop before beginning the journey back to Hurghada.

Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo by Plane

3. Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo by Plane

Embark on a full-day guided tour of Cairo from Hurghada. Travel by plane and visit the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. Enjoy a restaurant lunch and explore the treasures of the Egyptian Museum. Upon arrival in Cairo you will be greeted by an Egyptologist who will accompany you throughout the tour. The tour starts in Giza, where you can marvel at the famous and impressive pyramids of Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinos, as well as the world-renowned Sphinx.  The tour also includes a visit to the Valley Temple. After a break for a delicious lunch, the tour continues on to the Egyptian Museum. Here you can admire the treasures of the young pharaoh Tutankhamun with more than 120,000 masterpieces of Egyptian art and artifacts. In the afternoon you can enjoy shopping at the Khan el-Khalili market. At the end of the tour you’ll be transferred to the airport in Cairo to catch the flight back to Hurghada, followed by a direct transfer to your hotel.

Cairo: Pyramids, Sakkara & Memphis Private Tour with Lunch

4. Cairo: Pyramids, Sakkara & Memphis Private Tour with Lunch

Embark on a full-day tour to the Giza Pyramids, the Sphinx, Memphis, and Sakkara from Cairo. Learn about the treasures of the ancient world with your guide and enjoy a delicious lunch. Start your tour by visiting the Great Pyramids - Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinos. The highlight of this section is getting close up to the Sphinx - the legendary guardian with a lion’s body and the head of King Chephren. Admire the impressive statue and get your photo taken beside it. You will then visit Sakkara, a 27 km journey away from Cairo. The highlight of this section is the Step Pyramid. Built for King Zoser, it is considered an important part of the process of the pyramid evolution. Finally, you'll head over to Memphis. Not the home of Elvis, of course, but the ancient capital of Egypt!

Sharm El-Sheikh: Full-Day Tour of Cairo and Pyramids by Bus

5. Sharm El-Sheikh: Full-Day Tour of Cairo and Pyramids by Bus

Take a guided full-day trip to Cairo to see the most important attractions on any trip to Egypt: the Egyptian Museum, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Great Sphinx. Start with a very early morning pickup from your hotel in Sharm El Sheikh at 12:30 AM. Your Egyptologist tour guide will greet you at the lobby of your hotel and assist you to the bus station, where you’ll take the approximately 6-hour journey to Cairo on a comfortable air-conditioned bus.   When you arrive in Cairo, your tour guide will meet up with you again at the bus station and take you to the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities (Egyptian Museum). Spend the morning exploring this massive museum, which houses approximately 120,000 items. See the glittering treasures of Tutankhamun, grave goods, mummies, jewellery, household items, and toys of Egyptians whose names are lost to history.   After lunch in a local restaurant, you’ll head to the Pyramids of Giza — see the Great Pyramid, the Pyramid of Khafre, the Pyramid of Menkaure, and the Sphinx, situated beside each other in an awe-inspiring sight. This complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.   After exploring these magnificent structures, your tour guide will bring you back to the bus station for your ride back to Sharm El Sheikh.

From Cairo: Full-Day Historical Alexandria Tour

6. From Cairo: Full-Day Historical Alexandria Tour

Enjoy a full-day trip to the historic city of Alexandria and experience the remnants of a bygone era. After pickup from your hotel in Cairo or Giza, you'll drive towards Alexandria, stopping along the way to use the bathroom and get a coffee. Upon arrival, start your tour of this ancient city. Head towards the marble-stone Roman amphitheater of Kom El-Deka that once accommodated over 800 visitors. Enjoy the sights of its pleasure garden and mosaic floored Roman baths and villas. Afterward, move on to the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa where you can feel the aura of ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman architectural excellence. The cemetery was constructed in the second century AD and is still one of the seven wonders of the middle ages. Next, visit Pompey's Pillar, the significant Roman triumphal column in Alexandria. Savor a delicious lunch from a local restaurant and then enjoy an outside photo stop at the Library of Alexandria, one of the largest and most renowned archives of the ancient world. Later, visit the Citadel of Qaitbay, built above the ruined Alexandria lighthouse. At the end of the tour, you'll be driven back to Cairo or Giza to be dropped off at your accommodation.

From Cairo: Half-Day Tour to Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx

7. From Cairo: Half-Day Tour to Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx

See the Pyramids of Giza, the largest surviving monuments of the ancient world, and the Sphinx on a half-day tour. Start this thrilling experience as an Egyptologist tour guide picks you up in a comfortable air-conditioned car from your Cairo/ Giza hotel. Listen as the Egyptologist will narrate information about the pyramids on your way to the pyramids, including facts, myths, and more. Marvel at the view of the pyramids of Giza, which includes three pyramid complexes and a Sphinx, is a visual treat. Admire the largest among the three Pyramids of Giza, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, a must-see attraction for history enthusiasts and wanderlusts alike. Take a walk around the pyramid, and feel lucky to witness the panoramic views of the Pyramids - Cheops, Chephren, and Menkaure, the three important pyramids in the Giza complex. Reward yourself with the inside views of the great pyramid if you choose the option when booking. Feel as though you are traveling back in time while you traverse inside the pyramid. Roam around, and make sure to capture all the memories in your camera as these pyramids make for excellent photographic backdrops. Enjoy a chance to visit the famous Sphinx of Giza. Take in views of the fabled sculpture that is composed of half a lion and half a pharaoh and was carved out of a single piece is a must-see attraction while in Egypt. With a heart full of memories collected in half a day, you’ll be dropped back at your hotel at the end of the day.

Cairo: Female-Guided Pyramids, Bazaar, and Museum Tour

8. Cairo: Female-Guided Pyramids, Bazaar, and Museum Tour

Explore the best wonders of Ancient Egypt on this fully-guided tour with a female guide. Start the tour with pickup from your hotel or selected location in Cairo or Giza. Meet your local Egyptologist guide who will share her knowledge, provide assistance, and make you feel comfortable throughout the day.  Start your tour at one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Pyramids. Gaze in awe at the magnificent Pyramids of Cheops, Mycerinus, and Chephren. Then, stop for a photo at the Great Sphinx.  If the option is selected, visit inside the Great Pyramid before visiting the Valley Temple. Afterward, stop for a traditional Egyptian lunch. Next, visit the Egyptian Museum where you can explore the vast collection of 250,000 ancient artifacts that date back about 5000 years. If you wish (and at your own cost), feel free to explore King Tutankhamun's Room, which holds a number of precious jewels and gold excavated from the tomb in 1920.  Continue to the Khan El-Khalili Bazaar and soak up the atmosphere of the old city. Take a walk through this well-known market and marvel at the unique variety of souvenirs, antiques, and jewelry for sale. Finally, end the tour with a transfer back to your preferred location in Cairo.

Cairo: Egyptian Museum & Khan El-Khalili Bazaar Tour

9. Cairo: Egyptian Museum & Khan El-Khalili Bazaar Tour

Journey to the heart of the pharaohs' civilization in an air-conditioned car that will pick you up from your hotel. Arrive in style at Tahrir Square in front of the Egyptian Museum, a majestic building constructed in 1902. The ground floor contains colossal statues spanning thousands of years, arranged in chronological order. Take an informative and enlightening tour of the upper floor, marveling at smaller statues, fossils, paintings, sarcophagi and ancient Egypt maps. The famous Tut-Ench-Amun also has an exclusive section in the museum.  Before returning to your hotel stop by the vibrant colored market. The shops and bazaars display and sell a dizzying array of trinkets and artworks, giving you the chance to take home a small piece of Egyptian culture and civilization. Buy souvenirs for your friends or simply meander around the bustling shops. Your guide will then drop you off at your hotel in Cairo.

From Hurghada: Cairo and Giza Full-Day Highlights Tour

10. From Hurghada: Cairo and Giza Full-Day Highlights Tour

Experience Egyptian history on a full-day guided tour of Cairo and Giza from Hurghada and see the Great Pyramids and the Great Sphinx. Admire relics of the past at the Egyptian Museum and enjoy lunch. Following pickup from your hotel, get some great views of the landscape en route to the Egyptian capital. Stops can be made whenever you require. Upon arrival in Cairo, visit the Egyptian Museum on Tahrir Square, and discover one of the most comprehensive collections of Ancient Egyptian relics in the world. Explore treasures that tell the story of a highly-developed culture. For a supplement, you can enter the Mummy Room to learn all about the mummification process, and come face-to-face with some of the Egyptian royals of the Pharaonic days in mummified form. Travel to Giza to see the Great Pyramids and Great Sphinx in the Giza Plateau. Admire the final remaining 7 Wonders of the Ancient World, built more than 4,500 years ago as everlasting graves for the pharaohs. Marvel at the mysterious Sphinx, a statue of a Pharaoh’s head with a lion’s body. Optional activities in Giza upon payment of a supplement include a look inside the Great Pyramid or Small Pyramid, a ride on a camel, or entry to the Solar Boat Museum to see the legendary boat of the Pharaoh Cheops. Sit back and relax on the journey back to your hotel in the evening.

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Frequently asked questions about Cairo

What are the best day trips and excursions from Cairo?

The best day trips and excursions from Cairo are:

Pyramids of Giza

Other Sightseeing Options in Cairo

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What people are saying about Cairo

Overall rating

4.4 / 5

based on 3,479 reviews

Wonderful day trip despite a long 8 hour (16 hour return) trip from Eilat. I strongly recommend for people who can do it to leave from Sharm El Sheikh as much cheaper and closer! About 10 times cheaper … Very interesting visit to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo (to be recommended first) to be able to enjoy the pyramids in the afternoon … we were lucky enough to come across the guide Nasser who was extremely nice , friendly and beautifully competent. He makes every effort to make you spend an unforgettable moment !!! Visit the pyramids and the camel ride of pure pleasure guaranteed!!! Thanks to Nasser, the organization was perfect and extremely well orchestrated Now I have a high quality friend in Egypt

We had a pleasant drive from Cairo by Sam where we met our tour guide Kholoud to give us a tour of the history of Alexandria! Unfortunately the library of Alexandria was closed ( which we knew ahead of time) so we did not get to go inside . But we over had a great day exploring the Catacombs, the amphitheater, and Pompey’s Pilar . We had a nice lunch on the water and headed back. Just enough time in Alexandria and was nice to have our own personal guide. I have booked several different trips with this tour company and they have been so communicative and responsive. If you are looking for a good day tour to Alexandria, look no further!

It was amazing, the pyramides are spectacular, majestic, monumental; our guides Kholoud and Mohamed complemented our experience, they both did their best to make us feel comfortable and enjoy our days in Egypt they adapted the tour to our interests and take care of us all the time. They were always so kind-hearted with us so we strongly recommended them for any Spanish speaker guest you might have in future.

We cannot put into words how much we enjoyed the day today. We have not worked through all the points in the description, but have seen and experienced other things that we think are great. Our highlight was the Bedouin-style tea on the dune above the magic lake. In our opinion, the Felounkenfahrt is worth every penny, it's magical. The food was also very authentic and delicious!

We were travelling as group of 10 and 5 of them were kids. Trip was tiring for all of us but full of amazing experiences. All the staff were very helpful and understanding. Guides were amazing and gave extra helpful information.